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Personalities

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Omar Bradley

1893-1981

Major Conflicts: World War I, World War II

Notable Campaigns: Tunisia (1943), Sicily (1943), Normandy (1944), Germany (1945)


Born in Missouri in 1893, Omar Bradley attended West Point during the early years of World War I. He was a military instructor until leading infantry units in World War II. Bradley commanded the 82d Division, the 28th Division, II Corps, and the Fifth Army. Bradley and his troops saw action throughout Western and Central Europe. 

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Charles Cornwallis

1738-1805

Major Conflicts: Seven Years' War, American Revolution

Notable Battles: Long Island (1776), Princeton (1777), Yorktown (1781)

 

Born in London in 1738 to the the Earl of Cornwallis, Charles Cornwallis was commissioned as in ensign in 1756. He saw action in Germany and India as well as serving in the House of Lords. But he is most recognized for his service in the American Revolution under General Sir William Howe. Cornwallis was faced with the indignity of surrendering to George Washington after the British defeat at Yorktown; a task he chose to delegate to a subordinate.

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Dwight D. Eisenhower

1890-1969

Eisenhower served as the Supreme  Commander Allied Expeditionary Forces (SHAEF) during World War II.

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Enver Pasha

1881-1922

Major Conflicts: First Balkan War, Second Balkan War, World War I, Russian Civil War

Notable Battles: Edirne (1913), Sarikamish (1914)

Born in Istanbul in 1881, Enver Pasha was the son of an advisor to Sultan Abdul Hamid II. He was educated in a military academy and joined a Young Turks society shortly thereafter. When his party seized power by a coup in 1913, Enver Pasha was made Chief of Staff. In World War I, he led troops in recapturing Edirne, but was defeated by the Russians at Sarikamish. After the war, Enver Pasha travelled Asia seeking support to overthrow the rule of Mustafa Kemal, but he was killed by Soviet agents in 1922.

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George Washington

1732-1799

Major Conflicts: French and Indian War, American Revolution

Notable Battles: Fort Necessity (1754), Trenton (1776), Princeton (1777), Yorktown (1781)


Born in Virginia in 1732 and raised much of his young life by his older brother, Washington would serve as a British officer during the French and Indian War, the Commander of the Continental Army during the American Revolution, and the first President of the United States of America. Washington is often criticized for military missteps before and during the Revolution. Yet, Washington managed to sustain an ill-fed, poorly-trained, and underpaid American army against what was the most powerful military in the world at the end of the 18th century.  Washington then selflessly declined any greater power than that of President and voluntarily stepped down after two terms. He contracted laryngitis in 1799 and died from complications.

Richard I

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1157-1199

Major Conflicts: Revolt Against Henry II, Third Crusade, War Against Phillip II

Notable Battles: Acre (1189), Arsuf (1191), Gisors (1197), Chaluz (1199)

 

Richard I, the "Lionhearted", second son of Henry II, was born in 1157. In 1173 and 1174, Richard and two of his brothers rebelled against their father. Richard, however, was subdued by his father's invasion of Aquitaine and returned to the fold. In 1183, the death of his older brother elevated Richard to the throne of England. Richard almost immediately sold off his properties, raised an army and set off on the Third Crusade. Richard's army captured the city of Acre from Saladin in 1191. Later that same year, Richard won another great victory at Arsuf. He failed, however, to take Jerusalem and returned to England in 1194 after being held for ransom by the Emperor Henry IV. But, Richard was soon campaigning again, now in France against his former ally Phillip. At the siege of Chaluz in 1199, Richard was wounded by a crossbow bolt. He died when the wound became infected.

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