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  • Writer's pictureGeorge Castrioti

August 20th, 1794 - The Battle of Fallen Timbers

Conflict: Old Northwest Indian Wars

Combatants: Americans vs. Maumee River Tribes

Location: Ohio (USA)

Outcome: American victory

In the Old Northwest territory, a confederacy of Miami, Shawnee, Potawatomi, and Chippewa tribes opposed and harassed American settlement of the region. Two separate military expeditions in the early 1790s were defeated by the Confederacy under the leadership of Little Turtle (who would shortly after be deposed by his people).

In 1794, General "Mad" Anthony Wayne led a force of 3,000 American regulars and volunteers into the territory. On August 20th, near the Maumee River, a force of about 1,300 Maumee Indians attempted to halt the American advance. Wayne ordered his infantry to suppress the enemy and outflanked their positions with cavalry. The Indian warriors routed and suffered hundreds of casualties in the maneuver. The Americans lost 33 killed.

Fallen Timbers by R. F. Zogbaum

Points of Interest:

  • The Treaty of Greenville was signed in 1795 leading to seventeen years of relative peace.

  • The Battle was named Fallen Timbers due to the trees which had been blown over on the battlefield by a recent storm.

  • The Battle was fought within sight of an active, and per the Treaty of Versailles illegal, British garrison.

General 'Mad' Anthony Wayne (Cropped) by H. Charles McBarron, Jr.

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